Risk Factors Before Pregnancy

Before planning a pregnancy should you need to know about any risk factors before pregnancy occurred. So you can plan a pregnancy well.

What are the risk factors before pregnancy?

Physical Character
Age, weight, and height in women during pregnancy affects the risk. Girls aged 15 and younger at high risk for preeclampsia (a type of blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy). Young women are also at higher risk of underweight (too small for age pregnancy) or infant malnutrition. Women aged 35 and older at high risk for problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes during pregnancy (diabetes during pregnancy), and complications during childbirth.

Women who weight less than 100 pounds before becoming pregnant are more likely to have a small baby, weighing less. Obese women were more likely to have a very large baby, which may be difficult to be born. Also, obese women were more likely to experience gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.

Women who are shorter than 5 feet is more likely to have a small pelvis, which could make fetal movement through the pelvis and vagina (birth canal), difficulties during labor. For example, more likely to settle fetal shoulder against the pubic bone. This complication called shoulder dystocia. Also, a short woman who is more likely to experience preterm birth and the baby is not developed enough as expected.

Structural abnormalities of the reproductive organs increase the risk of miscarriage. Suppose a double uterus or a weak cervix (incompetent), which tends to open (widen) as fetal growth.

Social Character
Being not married or in a low socio-economic groups increased problems during pregnancy. The reason is the nature of this increased risk is unclear but possibly related to the nature of other, more common in these women. For example, women are more likely to smoke and less to consume health foods to obtain proper medical care.

Problems In Pregnancy Previous
When women have problems at first pregnancy, they are more likely to experience problems, often the same thing, in subsequent pregnancies. Several problems including premature babies, babies whose weight is less, or delivery that requires a cesarean delivery. If a woman has a baby who died soon after birth, they are also more likely to experience problems in subsequent pregnancies.

Women may experience conditions that tend to make the same recurring problem. For example, women with diabetes are more likely to have a baby whose weight is more than 10 pounds when born.

Women who have children with genetic disorders or birth defects are more likely to have another baby with similar problems. Genetic tests on the baby, even if the new born, and both parents another chance just before the pregnancy is attempted. If this woman becomes pregnant again. Some tests such as ultrasound, chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis can help determine whether the fetus has a genetic disorder or birth defects.

Have experienced 6 or more pregnancies increases the risk of a very fast labor and excessive bleeding after childbirth. It also increases the risk of a misplaced placenta (placenta previa).

Once you know the risk factors before pregnancy, advice on fertility, and find out about the pregnancy itself. Now is the time you can prepare and plan for a healthy pregnancy.
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Understanding About Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a condition in which a woman has a fetus growing inside her body (which is generally in the uterus). Pregnancy in humans ranges from 40 weeks or 9 months, counted from the beginning of the last menstrual period until delivery.

Pregnancy is a reproduction process that needs special care, for pregnancy to take place with either the mother or her life contains fetus. This is dynamic, because pregnant women are at first normal, suddenly can become high risk.

Risk factors in pregnant women such as age are too young or old, many children, and several other biological factors are the circumstances that indirectly increase the risk of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women. High risk is in a hazardous situation and possible direct causes of maternal death, for example, through the birth canal hemorrhage, eclampsia, and infection.

Some risk factors are well contained in a mother can make high-risk pregnancies. Some risk factors present before a woman becomes pregnant. These risk factors include physical and social character of a particular in women, problems that occurred in previous pregnancies, and certain disorders that have been owned.

To avoid the risk factors you have to prepare and plan for a healthy pregnancy for the candidate of your baby. So you and your baby will be safe and healthy. You also need to consult a doctor to obtain advice on how to increase fertility because fertility is also an important factor in planning a pregnancy.
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health advice to increase fertility

Before undergoing fertility treatment, we should maintain our health and lifestyle to avoid the risk factors that could cause delays in pregnancy. health and good lifestyle will improve fertility.

Here are suggestions for your health and your partner to enhance fertility.

Health Advice for Men and women:
- lose weight if you have excess weight.
- quit smoking
- avoid caffeine and alcohol consumption.
- at all avoid illegal drugs like cocaine, which can reduce the quantity and quality of    sperm produced
- make healthy eating
- monitor the temperature of testicles on a regular basis, the temperature is too high can  affect sperm  production. (for men)
- reduce stress and get enough rest.

In general, a man should follow the suggestions above for about 70 days. Seventy-day is the time needed to produce sperm
With maintaining the health and  good lifestyle, is the best advice to improve the fertility that would affect the process of healthy pregnancy.
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Prepare and Plan a Healthy Pregnancy

Before pregnancy occurs, the physical preparation is very important for you and your spouse. There are two issues related to pre-pregnancy condition, which couples fertility problems and the health of expectant mothers. very important to prepare pre-pregnancy before pregnancy occurs, or even better if done before marriage.

What you should prepare for your pregnancy healthy.

1.      Healthy Lifestyle
Before pregnancy occurs should you and your partner make a healthy lifestyle. It is intended to keep you and your partner fertility, and provide a healthy pregnancy. what constitutes a healthy lifestyle?. healthy lifestyle you need to do is avoid things that could endanger the pregnancy and your own health. The most common are cigarettes and alcohol. Smoking can affect fertility and toxic substances can damage sperm and cause infertility. The effect on the fetus, these toxic substances cause fetal lack of oxygen that can cause disability. Alcohol also has a bad effect on the fetus. Alcohol enters the fetus via the bloodstream can lead to infant mental retardation.

2.      Keeping the Intake of Nutrients
keep the intake of nutrients entering into the body must be done. not only you need to maintain nutritional intake but also your partner. Choose foods that contain lots of protein, minerals and vitamins. The many nutrients present in vegetables, fruits, grains and nuts. Prioritizing eat vegetables and fruits into your lifestyle, eat up to five times a day. Consume enough food that contains lots of protein. The recommended amount of protein to 35% of what you eat. Wherever possible choose animal protein that live in water, but does not mean that the protein, the animals that live on land do not need to be consumed. balance just by consuming them, which is important enough protein intake. Shrimp lobster and tuna fish believed to be the trend and improve the quality of infant brain.

3.      Sport Activities
To do sports activities, make it a habit to find activities that make you sweat every single week 2 to 3 times. swimming is a good choice and you can do. movements in swimming makes all the organs of the body moving. Other sports activities you can do is cycling will make your body stay healthy and fit. if not maybe do an activity that requires a place and time, do a practical exercise. such as a treadmill at night or skipping so that your body sweat and fit. Thus, health and fitness is very helpful in planning a healthy pregnancy and child birth.
after you do the tip to maintain a healthy lifestyle, maintaining nutritional intake and conducting activities with regular exercise, may you and your partner can prepare and plan for a healthy pregnancy and later will get a healthy child.
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